Grains of all kinds are stored by the tonne each year by farmers in every country around the world. It’s an essential farm job that needs doing to store the valuable grain that supports farmers and feeds the hungry population.
Keep reading to get 3 terrific tips on grain storage.
Effective grain drying
If you store damp grain or all grain to become damp while it’s in storage, you are risking all your profits. Grain needs to be dried efficiently, quickly and affordably before you store it in silos.
You also need to make sure that grain is well ventilated once it’s all stored correctly – but we’ll cover that when we get to the next point: silos.
For grain drying, you can either go for inefficient, risky open air drying where you leave the grain to dry naturally, or you can use machinery. Drying grains through a drying plant requires a lot of skill and specialist knowledge – but get it done right and you’ll have perfectly dried grain ready for storage.
While researching for this article, I discovered a really useful resource: Skiold. Not only do they have lots of useful information on their website, but they also sell products to farmers too. You can find the homepage here.
The right sized silo
You need the right sized silo for the grain you’re harvesting. Too big a silo and you’ll have too much space for air and microbes to be floating around with the grain… too little space in the silo and you risk compacting the grain too much.
Compacted grain can damage the molecular structure and ruin all your hard work over the year. Damaged grain can’t be sold for consumers and furthermore, many other farmers won’t even buy it for feeding livestock – damaged grains are easier for microbes and bacteria to penetrate.
Don’t forget that silos need to be cleaned after use. You should also carry out a maintenance check on them regularly too. The last thing you want is to find that your silo is breaking down when it comes to grain storage time.
My last tip for you is all about location. You want to put your silo and grain drying machinery close to each other. The further you have to transport your precious grain, the more likely something will go wrong. For ultimate efficiency, you need to minimise the time from grain harvesting to grain storage.
Plan your crop rotation so that the fields near to your silo are the ones where the grain is grown (without repeating a crop year after year) and plan in advance how you will transport all that grain.
In conclusion; use the right equipment, keep that equipment well maintained and plan far in advance how your grain storage operation will go down.