The health of the people of a country is related to the development of that country. Development is the economic progress. Productivity will increase when the public is healthy. If productivity increases, economic growth will increase and obviously the country will progress. Our country is one of the few countries where there is a lot of infectious and non-infectious diseases. It is extremely important for all of them to have adequate facilities for health services.
Medical and health services are a very important part of our society and many scientific measures are being used today to make health services efficient and effective and proper management. Thousands of hospitals in the country are treating millions of patients on the basis of information taken from them for proper treatment.
The Constitution has also given responsibility to the State Governments for development of proper nutrition and living standards for the improvement of public health under policy directional elements in its part 4. But our vast population is not getting adequate health facilities.
The budget of health services is very low. India has 17% of the world’s population. In this ratio, only 1 percent of the cost of health services is spent. Only 1 percent of our total GDP is spent on health services. This is probably the least in the world. This amount is also not given to the states on time. If given too, then how well it is distributed and how it gets distributed is known to all. In the absence of human resources, the money given to increase the capacity of health experts also goes waste.
Due to numerous laws and regulations, administrative looseness in this area is also seen. Due to these laws, the government health department lacks doctors, medical equipment, pharmaceutical companies and hospitals. It is possible to get adequate health facilities to the entire population after rising above such laws. The corruption inherent in private and public health services is also a major hindrance to this sector.
The problem is becoming difficult due to the lack of awareness of the diseases at the right time and lack of awareness of them. The speed and rigorous campaign that the government has run for the eradication of polio has finally won. There can be a lot to learn from the readiness shown by the Sri Lankan Government’s malaria eradication. There is a need to work with a high spirit to save the people of our weaker sections from diseases. Looking at the changing patterns of diseases and increasing resistance to antibiotic, these need to be taken into account.
Steps taken by the government for improving healthcare facilities
National Health Policy 2017
Its aim is to ensure the highest possible level of health and wellness for all people through preventive and stimulating health care guidelines.
This policy speaks of providing quality health care services to anyone without facing financial difficulties.
At present, public health expenditure is 1.04 percent of GDP. It has been proposed to increase up to 2.5% in a time bound manner.
By 2020, the state health sector has to spend more than 8%.
It has also been said in this policy that life expectancy at birth would increase from 67.5 years to 70 years by 2025.
There are 400 medical colleges in 29 states and 7 union territories but there is a difference in health facilities of all these. Similarly, the health facilities of primary health centers of these states also have wide ranging differences. Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh (Health Shri) are very good in this case. Therefore, in the new health policy, primary health centers have been targeted in all the states.
It will work on the PPP model. The hospitals in the district hospital and above will be completely excluded from government control and it will be developed under public-private partnership.
The policy has also focused on tackling the emerging challenges of non-communicable diseases.
The policy envisages three-dimensional integration of AYUSH system, which includes cross-references, co-locations and integrated methods of medicines.
Apart from this, the policy has been expected to facilitate manufacturing of medicines and equipment, make in India and improve medical education.
A few years ago, all the work in the banking sector was on paper and it was quite complex. When the government decided to do it in electronic form, there was a lot of opposition and it was said that banking would not be safe and it would not be reliable. But later this result is in front of everyone. Today, we can transfer money from electronic or e-banking to our computers, rather than mobile, day or night.
I believe that if the government health services of India are added in digital form like e-banking, it would be very beneficial.
A web-based network must be developed to connect all health establishments in both private and public areas in India. By doing this, the data related to all medical health will be recorded electronically, and where its requirement will be available in full functional form for its authorized users.
Just as the cure has been coded in the medical field, it is necessary to codify the entire information of the patients in digital form today. It is also necessary to establish national standards for the health information terminology and the health information of all the paths.
By doing so, collecting information spread across different languages in different regions will bring uniformity and ease the patient’s accurate treatment. By becoming a national standard of information, its data can also be used in research.
In our country today there is a need for a national policy for the use of IT in the field of medical health and its proper implementation. The use of IT in the health sector needs encouragement from the government; Otherwise, development and its use will be slow and arbitrary. There will be some obstacles in creating these policies, but it is important for the promotion of health IT business in the country and to create jobs in this field. The central government should announce a time period after which all the work in the field of medical health in the country will be in electronic format. Other health institutions should also be given enough time to adopt this electronic system. The government also created a suitable policy framework to protect the citizens’ health data.
It is often seen that misleading facts are used to give data to the government by the people. Such as concealing or misrepresenting its chronic illness etc. It is believed that people are misused by governmental people or companies by knowing the right thing. To get the right data, citizens will have to believe that their data will not be misused by health providers, insurance companies, employers and the government.
There are a large number of health workers in India. To train them, electronic equipment should be used exclusively. It is often seen that even large executives are less familiar with the current technology and they are still hesitant with the use of computer etc. and are working in paper and files only. The government should introduce low and medium-term courses effectively for online training in IT mode of IT and health workers. These courses should be easily available, easily accessible to every health officer and employee.
To make accurate and uniform quality of reporting data at all levels in the country, IT skills of all the people involved in the medical field should be uniform and robust. I.T. of medical staff The related portals should be established for training.
In short, if the information network of the medical health system in the country is properly developed in scientific form, then our health facilities will improve in the coming years and it will not be late to become world class.
Governments in India have taken a number of steps in the health sector, including the National Health Policy 1983, 73rd and 74th Amendments of the Constitution providing power to local institutions, National Nutrition Policy 1993, National Health Policy, Indian Medicine, Homeopathy, National Policy on Medicine 2002 , Poor health insurance scheme 2003, the general minimum program of the government is to include health in 2004. Apart from these, National Rural Health Mission and Universal Health Scheme are also included in the Twelfth Five Year Plan. Source – https://www.drozus.com/