As a farmer, how much yield you get from your farm is very important as it determines the productivity of the land. Learning how to improve crop production is key to the sustainability of the farm. Fortunately, new technologies have made it easier for farmers to increase their crop yields. Here are tips on how you can improve your farm’s yield;
Understand your farm’s potential
Only an amateur farmer should plant then hope for the best yields. Understanding how much potential your farm has and how much you can get off it is very important to any serious farmer. Know how much space you are working with, and the type of soil you are working with. This will determine the kind of crops to go for, and the type of seeds you plant. Understanding the limit of your farm’s potential will help you to have realistic expectations when planting.
Scout the farm on foot and take note of the soil conditions, the type of weeds in it and how healthy your plants can grow.
Prepare the farm early and effectively
As a farmer, how you prepare your farm will pretty much determine how much yield you get. Prepare your farm for planting early enough. Do not forget to use the right agriculture implements for effective preparation. Conduct soil tests to see if it is ready for planting. If the soil is ready, then do not hesitate to plant. Though there are hybrid seeds that can withstand different conditions, planting early also gives you a head start.
When testing the soil, remember to check for the level of soil nutrients as this will determine how best to handle the plants.
Have a proper water drainage system
Water is very essential for plant growth. However, too much water can be damaging to the growth of the plants. Unless you are doing greenhouse farming, chances are that you are at the mercy of the weather. Have a proper drainage system so that the farm doesn’t become waterlogged during the rainy season. Waterlogging can prevent the growth of the crops.
Practice rotational farming
Planting the same plants season in season out will eventually affect your soil’s fertility and reduce your plant yield. Alternating between the crops planted on the farm improves fertility and allows the soil to regain fertility. It diversifies the demand for productivity on the soil. For example, you can alternate between corn and soybeans every season. Engage the services of a qualified agricultural officer to advice on crop rotation.
Plant quality seeds
The quality of your seeds will determine the productivity of your farm. Hybrid seeds are usually recommended as they are stronger, can grow faster, and have high yields. Remember that non-GMO seeds are more sustainable and cost-effective. If you don’t know the type of seeds to go for, always consult your local agricultural extension officer for advice.
Fertilizers help in maintaining the soil at optimal conditions for the crops. They provide the seeds with important nutrients such as potassium, calcium and phosphorous. Fertilizers will help your crops thrive and you can have impressive produce- not only quality-wise but also quantity-wise.
Weeds are invasive and will compromise the quality of your yield by taking away the soil nutrients from your crops. You need to weed periodically to deal with recurring weeds. Often scout your farm and see if there are any weeds that need to be dealt with before they get out of hand. You can find the right farm equipment for weeding from the local tractor implements manufacturer. If you are going to use herbicides to weed, ensure that they won’t end up compromising the soil quality too.