Industrial pollution is one of the most serious problems that’s faced by the world today, and it’s utterly important to handle it effectively. It occurs when harmful pollutants and waste from factories and industries are released in the natural environment. Industrial pollution has severe consequences for the entire planet.
It takes place because of the lack of quality policies to check pollution, unplanned and improper industrial growth, use of outdated tools and technologies, and poor waste management techniques. For example, in the absence of effective pollution prevention policies and laws, a wide range of industries adopt illegal ways of managing industrial waste.
Here are some of the important effects of industrial pollution
It Leads to Air Pollution
The waste generated by the factories and industries play a crucial role in polluting the air, and that remains one of the primary reasons behind growing illnesses among human beings. When harmful gases and substances produced by factories are released in the natural environment, it pollutes the air which eventually results in the increase of diseases like asthma, cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses, congestive heart failure and lung infections etc.
It’s very important to take necessary steps to prevent air pollution so that we can live a healthy life.
It Creates Water Pollution
When the harmful pollutants released by factories are introduced in waterbodies like freshwater lakes, rivers, ponds, and streams etc., it results in water pollution. Water pollution has damaging consequences for human health. Most of the times the water used for carrying out industrial work gets contaminated when it is exposed to harmful chemicals, organic sludge, and metals etc. There are several industries that release this contaminated water into freshwater lakes, rivers and streams illegally, which eventually pollutes them as well. And when the water from these waterbodies is consumed by people they struggle with diseases like Typhoid, Guinea worm disease, and Cholera.
The pollutants released by factories and industries also lead to soil pollution. When industrial waste it dumped in fertile soil it loses its fertility, which is not at all good for agriculture. Because of the lack of pollution control policies, harmful waste generated from industries is generally dumped to empty plots, which eventually leads to soil pollution. The harmful chemicals and toxic materials found in industrial waste degrade the quality of topsoil, therefore it is important to manage it effectively.
Industrial pollution leads to Global warming
One of the most harmful consequences of industrial pollution is global warming which leads to problems like the rise in average temperature, tsunamis, increase in water levels, flooding, and melting glaciers. In addition to that, global warming is also the primary reason for the extinction of animals from polar regions. When the greenhouse gases like methane and carbon dioxide are released by industries in the atmosphere they take in the radiations from the sun which eventually results in the rise of earth’s temperature.
In addition to that industrial pollution also results in the extinction of wildlife and damages buildings as well as structures.
Ways of Tackling Industrial pollution
Segregate Hazardous Waste From Non-hazardous Waste
When you talk about implementing the safest ways of waste management the first thing that you should focus on is to isolate hazardous waste from non-hazardous waste by using large skips. Segregation of hazardous waste from non-hazardous waste can prove to be immensely helpful when it comes to reducing air, water and soil pollution.
Isolate Compostable Organic Waste from Recyclable Materials
The waste that is generated from factories and industries can also be used again in various forms, so rather than dumping it illegally to empty plots, freshwater lakes, and rivers etc., it better to isolate compostable organic waste from recyclable materials with the help of skips.
Compostable organic waste can be used for creating fertilizer which can be used in farming and gardening to nourish plants. On the other hand, the recyclable materials should be transferred to a recycling facility, so that they can be used again.
Dump Rest of The Waste Materials in Landfills
The remaining waste materials which can’t be reused in any form should be dumped into landfills. It means, rather than dumping industrial waste illegally in any place, you should use authorized landfills for it.
So, if you want to minimize the effects of the industrial waste on the environment make sure that you segregate recyclable and compostable organic waste from it effectively and then dump it into a landfill.