Orthopedic surgery deals with conditions of the musculoskeletal system. Arthritic hips, sports injuries, stiff neck muscles, and back pain are some of the conditions. The orthopedic surgeon diagnoses, prevents, treats, and rehabilitates those suffering from injuries.
Specializations for surgeons
The musculoskeletal system includes muscles, tendons, nerves, joints, bones, and ligaments. Though the orthopedic surgeons have knowledge of the entire musculoskeletal system, they specialize in one particular area such as the hip, knee, shoulder, hand, spine, elbow, and foot. There are specialization fields too, such as reconstructive surgery, trauma, pediatrics, sports medicine, and oncology.
Access to best hospitals
People living in the metropolitan areas in India have access to the best hospitals. They can take treatment at the best orthopedic hospital in India and recover from their injuries very fast. The orthopedic surgeon treats all people – newborns, children, middle aged, elderly, athletes, anyone who has a disorder of the joint or bone or tears in the muscle, ligament, or tendons.
Treat various ailments
The orthopedic surgeon treats many types of diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, growth abnormalities, bowlegs, bunions, clubfoot, and knock-knees. They treat scoliosis, sciatica, and toe and finger abnormalities, pulled muscles, tendon injuries, torn cartilage, and more. The orthopedic surgeons help treat bursitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis among many other things.
Types of surgeries
The common surgeries the orthopedic surgeons perform include arthroscopy, internal fixation, osteotomy, fusion, joint replacement, and soft tissue repair. Fusion is the welding process where bones are welded together with bone grafts. Joint replacement is done to replace damaged portions or the joint either totally or partially using artificial material.
If you have any serious injuries and want to avail of the best treatment then you must check the list of best orthopedic hospital in India. You can set up consultationswith the orthopedic surgeons by visiting their website. They will advise you on the best course of action for the injury that you have.
Specialties in orthopedic surgery
There are many sub-specialties in the orthopedic surgery. These include hand surgery, spine surgery, total joint reconstruction, and shoulder and elbow surgery among others. The surgeons also receive training in orthopedic trauma, surgical sport medicine, musculoskeletal oncology, and spine surgery. Other specializations include foot and ankle surgery and pediatric orthopedics.
Importance and types of procedures
Here is another look at the common procedures done by orthopedic surgeons.
- Carpal tunnel release
- Knee replacement
- Knee arthroscopy (both menisci repair)
- Repair fractured ulna or radius
- Lumbar spinal fusion
- Repair of fibula
- Shoulder arthroscopy
- Knee arthroscopy
- Debridement of bone, muscle, and skin.
- Rotator cuff tendon repair
Arthroscopy is a procedure in which the replacement and remodeling for the musculoskeletal joint is done on the articular surface. Most of the time, the person has pain in the joint due to arthritis. This surgery will restore the function and relieve the pain.
You must keep a close watch on the injury to see if there are any adverse reactions. You can always ask the doctor for advice if you feel any increase in the pain or uneasiness. Wait until you recover fully before you attempt to resume full-scale activity.